Sexually transmitted diseases such as Gonorrhea and Chlamydia attack you silently without symptoms. Gonorrhea is often confused with bladder infection and Chlamydia does not show any symptoms at all. That is why periodical STD testing assumes so much importance.
STD testing is the only way to know whether you are infected and with what kind of STD. This will enable you to avail specific treatment. The most common STD tested these days are gonorrhea, syphilis, Chlamydia, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Herpes 1, Herpes 2 and of course HIV. The test is neither painful nor embarrassing. Blood and urine samples are collected to detect the virus or bacteria responsible for the disease. Healthcare Revolution is one of such diagnosis centers.
FDA-Approved Tests – All tests we offer are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In fact, we are the only service that offers an FDA-approved HIV RNA Early Detection Test. You can be confident that we follow all federal and state government testing guidelines.
Online STD Testing
Below are listed some of the most common STDs in women with respective symptoms and mode of transmission.
Chlamydia: It is the most frequent and fastest moving sexually transmitted disease in USA according to the survey of CDC. The most affected age group is women between 15 and 24. So women below 25 are advised to get themselves tested for Chlamydia. 75% women have no notable sign while others report abnormal vaginal discharge, burning sensation while urinating and irregular spotting between periods. It can be transmitted through vaginal, anal and oral exercises. Most unfortunately, it can pass from an infected mother to her new born baby. It can easily be tested and cured using antibiotics like Azithromycine and Doxycycline. If left unattended it can affect the uterus and fallopian tubes and grow severe pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID) which is not easily curable.
Gonorrhea: It is the second most common STD in USA and often remains undiagnosed. Burning during passing urine, yellowish to red vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, heavy menstrual bleeding and spotting are some reported symptoms. It can be transmitted in the same manner like Chlamydia. Antibiotics can cure the symptoms, but are unable to repair damage already caused. PID, chronic pelvic pain, infertility, damage of joints and heart tissues are some consequences of Gonorrhea. It can increase the risk of AIDS too. So if you are engaged actively in sex, test for your own security.
Genital Herpes: The symptoms come and go, but the virus remains in the nerve cells almost permanently. It is communicated via skin contact even if you don’t participate in sex or are not suffering from any symptoms. But when the signs arise, you feel a painful burning sensation and find blisters in the affected area. Type 1 virus causes cold sores and type 2 typically causes genital sores. Tissue culture and blood tests can detect presence of herpes virus, but the positive or negative results are not always conclusive.
Syphilis: Symptoms are rashes or itching in the genital area, frequent fever, abnormal discharge, lump on lymph nodes etc. Unhealthy oral action can easily transmit syphilis. Early detection by testing and proper medication can cure it. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can invite syphilis too. Test sample is collected from blood or swab from genital sores.
HIV and Hepatitis (B & C): The Centre for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC) advises testing for HIV at least once in a year as a routine checkup if you are anywhere between 13 and 64. Recurrent fever, long lasting infection of any kind and poor immunity are the most usual symptoms of HIV infection. Poor appetite, vomiting tendency, stomach pain which are exhibited during liver malfunctioning may indicate Hepatitis transmitted sexually. Testing for HIV, Hepatitis and Syphilis are specially advisable if you – test positive for Chlamydia or Gonorrhea have more than one partner use IV drugs
Blood sample is tested for both HIV and Hepatitis.
Some Methods of STD Testing
The kind of tests depends on the kind of symptoms, risk factors, age and the person’s sexual history. Multiple partners increase the risk manifold. If you are monogamous but your partner is not, you are still at the same risk as your partner. Pelvic examination is done if one exhibits symptoms. A gynecological checkup or PAP test doesn’t always ensure that a woman is checked for STD. She should ask for tests, if she feels she is at risk. Samples collected may be
iii) A swab from mouth
iv) A swab from genital area like the urethra for males and cervix for females
v) A swab from any sores or discharge
vi) Tissue scraped from blisters in case of genital herpes
Sometimes the sample can be collected at once in the doctor’s chamber and report is available within 15 minutes. In most cases, the investigation is done in pathological laboratories. It depends on the type of infection suspected. There are also options to receive a home std test, though they are a bit less reliable than those done in the lab.
HPV: – Certain human papilloma virus (HPV) can cause cervical cancer in women and other varieties of HPV give rise to genital warts. Sometimes HPV infected people do not develop symptoms and the virus disappears within two years. No screening test is available for male folk. But HPV in women can be detected by-
PAP test, which checks the cervix for abnormal or cancerous cells, is recommended for females between 21 and 30 years once in two years and for women over 30 years once in 3 years if their past 3 tests show normal condition.
HPV test, the sample for which is drawn from the cervical canal, is usually not recommended for women under 30 since the viral infection clears up on its own in this age.
HPV can lead to genital and anal cancer of in both men and women. Vaccination can protect them provided it is applied before beginning of sex life.